Battle of Normandy

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The Battle of Normandy was fought in 1944 between Nazi Germany in Western Europe and the invading Allied forces as part of the larger conflict of World War II. Over sixty years later, the Normandy invasion, codenamed Operation Overlord, still remains the largest seaborne invasion in history, involving almost three million troops crossing the English Channel from England to Normandy in then German-occupied France.

The primary Allied formations that saw combat in Normandy came from the United States of America, United Kingdom and Canada. Other nations also provided sizable national contingents after the assault phase, including Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, Norway, and Poland.[1]

The Normandy invasion began with overnight parachute and glider landings, massive air attacks and naval bombardments, and an early morning amphibious assault on June 6, "D-Day". The battle for Normandy continued for more than two months, with campaigns to establish, expand, and eventually break out of the Allied beachheads, and concluded with the liberation of Paris and the fall of the Falaise Pocket in late August 1944.



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World War II
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The Allies
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
US flag 48 stars.svg United States
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China
Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Flag of Free France 1940-1944.svg Free France
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands
Flag of Belgium.svg Belgium
Canadian Red Ensign 1921.svg Canada
Flag of Norway.svg Norway
Flag of Greece (1828-1978).svg Greece
Flag of SFR Yugoslavia.svg Yugoslavia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Imperial-India-Blue-Ensign.svg India
Flag of Australia.svg Australia
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg South Africa
20px Egypt
Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines
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The Axis
Flag of Germany 1933.svg Germany
Flag of Japan - variant.svg Japan
Kingdom of Italy Italy
Flag of Vichy France.gif Vichy France
Flag of Hungary 1940.svg Hungary
Flag of Bulgaria (1878-1944).svg Bulgaria
Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of Croatia Ustasa.svg Croatia
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Prelude
Causes
in Europe
in Asia

Main theatres
Europe
Eastern Europe
China
Africa
Middle East
Mediterranean
Asia and the Pacific
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General timeline
Timeline

1939
Invasion of Poland
Winter War

1940
Invasion of Denmark/Norway
Battle of France
Battle of Britain

1941
Invasion of the Soviet Union
Battle of Moscow
Attack on Pearl Harbor

1942
Battle of Midway
Battle of Stalingrad
Second Battle of El Alamein

1943
Battle of Kursk
Guadalcanal campaign
Invasion of Italy

1944
Battle of Normandy
Operation Bagration
Battle of Leyte Gulf

1945
Battle of Okinawa
Battle of Berlin
End in Europe
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Surrender of Japan

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Blitzkrieg
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Home Front
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Civilian impact and atrocities
Nanking Massacre
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Siege of Leningrad
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Hiroshima and Nagasaki
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Comfort women
Allied war crimes
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Japanese war crimes

Aftermath
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Expulsion of Germans
Cold War

See also

Category:World War II
Topics
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Total war
WWII in contemporary culture
Military awards of World War II
Attacks on North America
Comparative military ranks of World War II

  1. Williams, Jeffery. The Long Left Flank.