French and Indian War

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French and Indian War
Date May 28 1754February 10 1763
Location North America, (Seven Years' War is worldwide)
Result British, and American Colonists victory; France leaves the continent of North America
Casus belli George Washington's attack on Jumonville
Combatants
France Great Britian
Commanders
Louis XV,
Marquis Duquesne
George III,
William Pitt
Strength
11, 800, along with 2,200 Natives 50,000
Casualties
11,000 killed, wounded, or captured 11,300 killed, wounded, or captured

The French and Indian War (also called The War That Made America)was a conflict that lasted from 1754-1763, and was fought on the continent of North America. The war was actually a chapter of the much larger conflict that was known as the Seven Years' War.

Struggle over North America[edit]

Throughout the 1740s, the British colonies of North America were very cautious of the French encroachment into the Ohio Country. Realizing that their Native allies might join with France if provided with enough trading supplies, Britain sent traders of their own to make peace with the Natives. However, the French were not deterred, and continued their move into the Ohio River Valley. Therefore, Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia, ordered that a small outpost be constructed at the point where the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers flow into the Ohio River.

Work began on the small fort in the spring of 1754, and was about half way done, when a force of nearly 2,000 French and allied Natives surrounded the garrison. The forty workers constructing the post surrendered without even firing a shot. The French then set about finishing the fort and named it Fort Duquesne. Hearing of the surrender, Colonel George Washington marched his four-hundred man army to within a hundred miles of the Forks of the Ohio in hopes of recapturing the point from the French. On May 28th, Washington along with thirty men ambushed a small French force of scouts under the command of Joseph Coulon de Jumonville. All but one of the French soldiers were either killed, wounded, or captured (including Jumonville) during the skirmish.

Forces[edit]

Engagements[edit]

Year Dates Event Location
1754 May 28th
July 3rd
Battle of Jumonville Glen
Battle of the Great Meadows (Fort Necessity)
Uniontown, Pennsylvania
Uniontown, Pennsylvania
1755 May 29th – July 9th
June 3rd – 16th
July 9th
September 8th
Braddock expedition
Battle of Fort Beauséjour
Battle of the Monongahela
Battle of Lake George
Western Pennsylvania
Sackville, New Brunswick
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Lake George, New York
1756 March 27
August 10th – 14th
September 8th
Battle of Fort Bull
Battle of Fort Oswego
Battle of Kittanning
Rome, New York
Oswego, New York
Kittanning, Pennsylvania
1757 August 2nd – 6th
December 8th
Battle of Fort William Henry
Second Battle of Bloody Creek
Lake George, New York
Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia
1758 June 8th - July 26th
July 7th – 8th
August 25
September 14th
October 12th
Second Battle of Louisbourg
Battle of Carillon (Fort Ticonderoga)
Battle of Fort Frontenac
Battle of Fort Duquesne
Battle of Fort Ligonier
Louisbourg, Nova Scotia
Ticonderoga, New York
Kingston, Ontario
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Western Pennsylvania
1759
July 6th – 26th
July 31st
September 13th
Battle of Ticonderoga (1759)
Battle of Fort Niagara
Battle of Beauport
Battle of the Plains of Abraham
Ticonderoga, New York
Fort Niagara, New York
Quebec City
Quebec City
1760 April 28th
July 3-8th
August 16th – 24th
Battle of Sainte-Foy
Battle of Restigouche
Battle of the Thousand Islands
Quebec City
Pointe-a-la-Croix, Quebec
Ogdensburg, New York
1762 September 15th Battle of Signal Hill St. John's, Newfoundland
1763 February 10th Treaty of Paris Paris, France

External links[edit]