Geronimo

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File:Geronimo.jpeg
Photo of Geronomo/Goyathlay from the U.S. Library of Congress.

Geronimo (Chiricahua Goyaałé 'One Who Yawns'; often spelled Goyathlay in English), (June 16, 1829–February 17, 1909) was a prominent Native American leader of the Chiricahua Apache who long warred against the encroachment of the white man on tribal lands.

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In Popular Culture[edit]

Geronimo is a popular figure in cinema and television. Characters based on Geronimo have appeared in many films, including:

Geronimo's Last Raid (1912)
Hawk of the Wilderness (1938)
Geronimo (1939)
Valley of the Sun (1942)
Broken Arrow (1950)
I Killed Geronimo (1950)
Outpost (1951)
Son of Geronimo: Apache Avenger (1952)
The Battle at Apache Pass (1952)
Indian Uprising (1952)
Taza, Son of Cochise (1954)
Walk the Proud Land (1956)
Geronimo (1962)
Geronimo und die Räuber (West German, 1966)
Geronimo (Starring Joseph Runningfox) (1993)
Geronimo: An American Legend (1993)
Hot Shots! Part Deux (1993)
War of the Buttons (1994).

The character of Geronimo appeared in the 1979 film Mr. Horn, Tom Horn only is known to have met Geronimo on January 13, 1886 in the company of Lt. Maus two days after Capt. Emmet Crawford was shot. Characterisations of Geronimo also appeared in Gunsmoke: The Last Apache (the 1990 reunion movie of television series Gunsmoke), and the 1993 telefilm Geronimo. The 1976 film I Due superpiedi quasi piatti features a character who believes himself to be Geronimo. The manga and anime television series Kinnikuman and Ultimate Muscle: The Kinnikuman Legacy features a highly stereotyped native wrestler, based loosely on the historical figure.

Geronimo as a US Prisoner

In 1940, the night before their first mass jump, U.S. paratroopers at Fort Benning saw a film about Geronimo, and began shouting his name during jumps, a trend which has caught on elsewhere.

In 1943 a United States Liberty ship named the SS Geronimo was launched. She was scrapped in 1960.

The Apache Software Foundation named a Web Application Server after this Indian leader; see Geronimo Application Server.

The Grand Canyon Council of the Boy Scouts of America runs Camp Geronimo, near Pine, Arizona.

Two towns in the US, one in Oklahoma, another in Texas, are named for him

External Links[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Opler, Morris E.; & French, David H. (1941). Myths and tales of the Chiricahua Apache Indians. Memoirs of the American folk-lore society, (Vol. 37). New York: American Folk-lore Society. (Reprinted in 1969 by New York: Kraus Reprint Co.; in 1970 by New York; in 1976 by Millwood, NY: Kraus Reprint Co.; & in 1994 under M. E. Opler, Morris by Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-80328602-3).
  • Pinnow, Jürgen. (1988). Die Sprache der Chiricahua-Apachen: Mit Seitenblicken auf das Mescalero [The language of the Chiricahua Apache: With side glances at the Mescalero]. Hamburg: Helmut Buske Verlag.



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